Teeth break for various reasons. This includes tooth decay, heavy fillings, physiological (age related), chewing hard food, trauma from accidents, sports injuries and habits like grinding, nail biting, occupation related, etc. No matter whether it is a small chip that’s not causing you pain or a cracked tooth with excruciating pain, a dentist's consultation is advised. If left untreated, a broken tooth can result in further breakdown and food trap which ultimately leads to decay and its consequences.
WHAT DO WE DO?
The level of service is totally dependent on the amount of damage. If it is just a small chip, sometimes all it takes is a quick rounding off of the chipped or broken edges to prevent further damage. Small fractures and cracks usually can be repaired with a filling or composite bonding. Based on the extent, your dentist may sometimes restore it and plan a crown that sits over the tooth.
However if there is not much structure remaining, support from the root can be taken to restore the tooth. This is achieved by root canal therapy, followed by either a direct (made in-house) or an indirect post (lab fabricated) that is cemented into the post space created in the root. The core build up is then done with a filling, in case of direct post, or comes attached, in case of indirect post. Finally a crown is cemented over it, thus saving your tooth.
If the tooth has severe damage and is beyond your dentists’ hands to save it, extraction becomes inevitable and you will be given various options to replace it in the future.